1. URBAN DEVELOPMENT (land, Housing and public spaces) -


• High human pressure on the natural environment and difficulty in imposing limits. The process of land speculation

• strong seasonality and cyclic loading on the environment. The number of visitors in the high season four times the number of visitors in the low season.

• The extensive urban model has not taken into account its environmental impacts and has led to a strong dependence of the private vehicle.

• Natural areas are taken to be a reserve of land for city growth.

• Disappearance of agricultural activity and abandonment of rural areas.

Deficit of green areas in the urban environment

• lack of awareness on environmental and energy issues

• large number of empty houses

• lack of public services and poor state of the area surrounding Xàbia Park. Most of the resources and services are concentrated in the Old Town.

Poor external communication with other municipalities and internal between the urban centres.

• Lack of ecological public transport.

• Lack of safe bike lane throughout Xàbia

• lack of sports facilities and better use of the existing ones

• the urban structure and the poor design of public spaces cause loss of autonomy, especially for children, the elderly and women.

• Strong presence of uses linked to consumption in public spaces and lack of places for entertainment and enjoyment.


• Promotion and protection of strengths: territory, landscape, climate. The cultural and natural heritage.

• move from being tourist town into an amiable, pleasant town.

• To move from a seasonal model to a more sustainable model

• internalize environmental costs and restore the negative effects on the environment

• Take the step from mere protection - with static results - to the promotion of sustainable applications of use and enjoyment.

• Improve the efficiency of service networks and reduce the consumption of natural resources

• reconcile the relationship between town and territory, braking expansive urban growth.

• Promote environmental education and awareness to improve habits among the citizenry

• Greater impetus towards houses of zero energy consumption

• Introduction new species and crops, taking advantage of the agricultural land. Retrieve the cultivation of vineyards and promote organic farming.

• Search for solutions to reduce or manage the park of empty houses



Mature tourism system, based on specialization and concentrating inwardly.

• Unresolved coexistence of two forms of tourism: residential and vacation.

• Presence of speculative dynamics, monoculture of dependent activities and low level of professionalism.

• Certain dysfunction (gender and others) in the labour market. Lack of work especially for the young and those older than 55 years.

• The economic slowdown makes it difficult to further diversify the productive system.

• The dependence on tourism extracts resources from other areas and has an impact on environmental and social development.

• Low level of industrialization

high dependence on the economic cycle
• "Cost of living" excessively high.
High prices in particular for young people.

• Much seasonal employment

• lack of an economy separate from tourism. Lack of economic diversity

Black economy


• to boost tourism of high added value, rooted in the territory, committed to the environment, creative and innovative, sustained by the endogenous strengths of the municipality.

Reconcile tourism with the daily life of the inhabitants of Xàbia ensuring that this generates value for the citizen.

Diversify the model of production, committed to a locally-based economy and emphasizing the generation of youth employment.

• Make progress on a sustainable model of development, integrating economic, social, environmental and cultural factors.

• Leverage the three distinct characters of the urban centres to attract tourists to enjoy the contrasting varieties of life



•Difficulty in determining the number of people who use the territory (seasonality and inaccurate census)

uneven geographical distribution of the population, with 36% living in scattered urbanizations.

migration of the young population

• large number of older people. Especially foreigners, often living alone.

• The two previous items feed back and slow down labour rates.

• Slight tendency to population decrease driven by emigration (the crisis) and the death of resident adults without generational replacement.

Great diversity of groups and collectives with abilities, grades and variable forms of participation in public life.

• Vulnerabilities and potentials often located in informal networks of mutual aid and consequently hidden.

• Difficulty in approaching these realities through standardized and bureacratic services.

• Barriers in the access to housing and urban segregation as a consequence.

Lack of communication between nationalities. Resources are needed to promote the integration and communication between them. Each group has their interests and their prejudices.

• Lack of spaces and activities for children and young people. Free or low price activities that can be taken on by the different families living in Javea.


• Thinking of the territory, taking into account the large hidden population that uses it.

• Improve access to services throughout the municipal area, including areas of low population density.

• Retain the population of young people by providing them with opportunities for work and leisure

• Emerging needs in the task of care. Promote the health sector for older persons.

• Understand cultural diversity as a source of social wealth and an element of urban development.

• Move services to the citizens, giving attention adjusted to heterogeneous needs.

• Design, implementation and evaluation of social policies through proximity and in collaboration with other social agents.

• Policies of social integration, attention focused on community participation.

• Guarantee minimum conditions of access to services to the entire population.

• Value public space as a collective asset, accessible, inclusive and versatile.

• Understand the diversity of the three urban centres as an added value



Lack of coordination between the different departments of the Town Hall

• lack of transversality between the different departments in defining joint interventions

• lack of a holistic view which takes into account the social aspect from the various technical departments (urbanism, environment, etc.)

Responsibility and property problems: in the surroundings of Xàbia Park there are empty, run down private spaces on which there is no intervention.

The slowing down of processes by bureaucracy.

• lack of deepening and developing themes of participation and transparency by the municipal administration.

• The associative fabric depends heavily on subsidies from the Town Hall.

• Little interaction among associations

• the Moroccan and Colombian communities, with a significant number of people in the town, do not have an organised associative fabric

De-motivation among the population in the face of new participatory processes, due to the low visibility of the results obtained.

• Participation in Agenda 21 has been dropping: lack of specificity and actions.


• creating a participatory structure and management for the implementation of the EDUSI

share models with other European cities

• turn the municipal website or another platform into a real information tool

• generation of neighborhood networks to carry forward suggestions and improvements.

Raise awareness on the importance of participation in processes like this.

Enhance associations and neighborhood organisations as places of encounter and exchange.